The Bifurcation of Two Countries’ fates ——A Map in Isolation Era of Japan & China

Introduction Both of Japan and China had national isolations,and westernization reformations during 19th century. Although both of them were forced to open their gates and sign numerous unjust treaties by western countries, only Japan turned to a powerful country through their reformation after, and China was nibbled by great powers. At pre-modern era, the two…

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Edo no zu

tokugawa-1.0227946 This Edo No Zu, created by Kitagawa Sōchō in 1853, is the map of Edo centered with Edo Castle, which was surrounded by the moat during the Edo period. The Edo period, also known as the Tokugawa period or the pre-modern Japan, is the period from 1603 to 1868. The Tokugawa shogunate was founded…

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The Cartography of Ezo

Ezo: the familiar foreign land Ezo refers to the northernmost Japanese island currently named Hokkaido, which did not officially become part of the country till 1868. The origin for the name Ezo is still very much debated whether it came from Ainu language or from the other Japanese origins. Tokugawa Japan saw the land of…

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Morokoshi kinmō zui

The Morokoshi Kinmō zui  (唐土訓蒙圖彚), also called “Enlightening Illustrations of China”, was first published in 1719 during the Tokugawa Period in the city of Okinawa.  It was created by Morikuni Tachibana (1679-1748), and remains very a very popular volume which has since been replicated and reproduced many times over. The volume found in the UBC…

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Three Maps of Ōsaka

Ōsaka is a city on Japan’s southern coast. Since antiquity, it has been an important port on the island of Honshū, serving as the center for commercial activities during the Edo period (1600-1868). This post will discuss Ōsaka in two sections, the first discussing Ōsakan history prior to the Edo period and the second looking at three…

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Fujisan no zu

Introduce Mount Fuji Mount Fuji is also known as Fujiyama, Fuji-YoNama andFujisan. It is a cone-shaped volcanic mountain. Its last eruption happened in 1707. Mount Fuji is 12,388 feet, and it is the highest mountain in Japan. Mount Fuji as tall as the cloud. The top of the Mount is always full of snow. Mount…

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Sekai bankoku nihon yori kaijō risū ōjō jinbutsu zu

Sekai bankoku Nihon yori kaijō risū ōjō jinbutsu zu ❀ 世界萬國日本ヨリ海上里數王城人物圖 Map of all the countries of the world and pictures of the peoples, showing the capitals and the distances from Japan As one of Japan’s most significant periods, the Tokugawa era has left various cultural values in the global community through its distinct lifestyle…

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Tōkaidō Road

  A Brief History The Tōkaidō Road was an essential part of the Tokugawa period. It connected the imperial capital of Edo to the political capital of Kyoto. With 53 stops, this was thought to be the fastest route between the capitals. These 53 stops were used by the government monitor trade and collect taxes.…

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Comparison of the Nagasaki Port: Hishū Nagasaki zu and Shinsen Hizen Nagasaki zu

Nagasaki, in the modern period, is well-known for its history of foreign influences. This essay will aim explore the influence of foreign trading at the Nagasaki port in the Tokugawa period. In this essay, I will compare two woodcut prints of the Nagasaki port, produced 40 years apart, examine some differences in depiction and attempt…

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Morooshi Kinmo zui No.6

Morokoshi Kinmo zui is an encyclopedia of China. The whole collection contains five books and 14 different categories, astronomy, geography, architecture, people, Martial arts, instruments, machines, agriculture, costumes, vegetation, wild animals, insects, world map and Chinese landscapes. Part number 6 to 8 of this encyclopedia describes Chinese people performing different types of martial arts and…

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Saikoku’s 33 Temple Pilgrimage

“Saikoku sanjūsankasho hōgaku ezu” [西国三十三箇所方角繪圖] 1800 – By  Ōsakaya, Chōzaburō The Historics Pilgrimages have existed in Japan for more than a thousand years, many dating to the days of the Heian period [794-1185]. The most famous of Buddhist pilgrimages would be the Shikoku 88 Kannon Temple Pilgrimage which encircles the entire island of Shikoku, and is…

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Shikoku Pilgrimage

    [1] 四国遍路情報サイト. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://pilgrim-shikoku.net/ [2] 四国八十八ヶ所霊場会:四国八十八ヶ所霊場会公式ホームページ. (n.d.). Retrieved  April 10, 2017, from http://www.88shikokuhenro.jp/index.html [3] Hur, N (2017). Lecture on The Shikoku Pilgrimage: Its History, Culture and Traditions, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada [4] Nosco, P (2016). Lecture on Shingon Buddhism, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada [5] Shikoku Temple Pilgrimage.…

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Mountain Fuji

Mountain Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan. It height is an altitude of 3,776 meters. It has an active volcano. In June of 2013, it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage property, under the name of ‘sacred place and source of artistic inspiration.’ As ‘the great object of universal devotion’ and ‘a source…

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Dai Nihon Saiken Dōchū Zukan: A Long, Complicated Name for a Long, Complicated Map

               Dai Nihon Saiken Dōchū Zukan was made by Tomonari, Shōkyoku in 1850. It is a large map (34cm by 141.5cm) detailing information about Honshū, Kyūshū, and Shikoku. In order to organize the massive amount of information that it conveys, icons are used to indicate the following: Cities – Red circles (the larger the city,…

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Maps of Mountain Fuji

  Mount Fuji is the highest mountain in Japan. It is an active volcano and its height is an altitude of 3,776 meters. In June of 2013, it was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage property, under the name of ‘sacred place and source of artistic inspiration.’ As ‘the great object of universal devotion’ and…

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Yokohama: The City of Foreign Trade

Yokohama (横浜市 Yokohama-shi), the capital of Kanagawa prefecture, Japan is the country’s second largest city and running one of its leading seaports. Yokohama is a major commercial hub of the Greater Tokyo Area, and is one of the major international trading ports of Japan today.  Yokohama: A Small Fishing Village In the late Edo period,…

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Edo Jo and Japanese Castle

The Japanese Castles     The Japanese idea of Castles may not what we thought about castles( an individual building), they are actually whole compounds centered by the large multistory towers. It’s more like the idea of the palace. The Japanese castles were started in earlier centuries and made from wooden stockades. However, they were best known in…

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